Why, What, How, Who, When, Where


Share on LinkedIn

We see versions of these words in different contexts. If you’ve ever been a journalist, these are the fundamental issues the journalist must address in any story. If you are a Simon Sinek fan, by now you have internalized his principles of “Start with why.”

We don’t talk much about these principles in selling or as managers in leading our people/organizations.

In looking at sales and engaging our customers, we spend an inordinate amount of time talking about the What and How. We are inundated with training, content, articles, books on “You have to prospect, You have to build your pipeline, You have to follow the process, ……..” These focus on what sales people have to do, they are generally closely followed by techniques and tools focusing on how we do those things. We are taught things like “How to qualify, how to handle objections, how to close……”

Likewise, as managers, we tend to focus a lot on the What and How. We also look at the Who when we are looking at the overall organizational structure and some of our go to market strategies. For example, establishing SDR teams, Account Management, Reseller or other ways we might engage our customers.

The challenge with focusing on just a subset of these things is we miss a lot of important stuff, we miss a lot of important context, which limits our abilities to maximize our performance–whether it’s engaging our customers or people in meaningful/high impact ways, whether it’s focusing our strategies/execution initiatives in the most effective/efficient manner, whether it’s helping our customers and people understand the value we can create with them.

Simon Sinek would have us start with “Why.” Ideally, I tend to agree with him, pragmatically, I would suggest, “start wherever you are at, but use that as the platform to address each of the other issues in meaningful ways.” The reality, as we address each of these issues, is that it’s an iterative process.

We may start with the what and how, but to give it meaning we have to understand the why, who, where, when. As we begin to address those, we may change our what and how. As we answer these, we may find ourselves changing the why.

Repeating myself, this process is an iterative process, we constantly are examining these issues, adjusting our perspectives as things change or as we want to change.

The reality is our answers/responses to these very introspective issues will and should change over time. Our Why, What, How, Who, What, When, Where will constantly evolve as we execute our strategies. They will evolve as our customers and markets change. They will evolve as the world community in which we live and conduct business change. We have to continually re-examine each of these issues, adjusting as we move forward.

I don’t intend this post to be a tutorial on each of these issues, but let me offer some things to begin thinking about as we look at each.

I suppose it’s best to start with Why (Sorry Simon Sinek, couldn’t resist). Why is really a foundational question. It really speaks to why our organization exists, or why our customers exist. It focuses on things like our purpose, our values, our culture. It helps us understand the meaning we create for our people, our customers, and in our industries.

As we seek to deal with complexity, disruption, change, the Why gives us the foundation or starting point to understanding the issues and enables us to begin to explore how we might respond to them.

Let’s look at the What. As you might guess, what helps us start to look at the things we should be doing, as a result of what we determine with our why. They might help us define our markets, our organizational structure and roles, critical activities. Often, we tend to start with the “what,” focusing on what we do—“we provide software and services….., we sell this…” As Simon Sinek says, it’s virtually impossible for our people and customers to connect with us in a meaningful way, with just the “what.” While we often start with the What, there is always a why that underlies it. It may be implicit, we may have never thought about it, but it’s important to reflect on and discover that why.

The How is pretty easy to think about, perhaps that’s why we tend to spend most of our time focusing on the how. “How do we engage customers, how do we grow, how to we increase our customer sat, how do we improve our margins. The problem is that focusing only on the how misses so much, we may be doing the wrong things with the wrong people, there may be better ways to do things.

Who is important, but too often we fail to address it or fail to really understand it. Who tells us who our customers are, they are our ICP–but you can see, it’s impossible to define the who, in a meaningful way, if we don’t understand the Why and What. Who is critical in looking at our own organizations. It helps us understand roles and responsibilities. It is the basis for figuring out how we achieve our goals.

When is important to sequencing and urgency. It helps us understand the impact of time or to map what we are doing in the context of time. When helps us identify triggers, it helps us address the concept of efficiency. But it’s impossible to answer when, until we’ve looked at the why, what, how, who (and where).

Most of the time we don’t spend a lot of time thinking about “Where.” We tend to think of our offices, or the customers locations, and so forth. But where is important. Understanding “where” our customers educate themselves on new solutions and issues is important. When we identify that, we adjust our engagement strategies showing up where they show up. You can see where, has a huge impact on our how. For example, a lot of the principles around digital transformation are driven by where (and you can see how each of the other components are involved.

Why, What, How, Who, When, Where are critical to our ability to achieve, to accomplish things, to create meaning and value for ourselves, our people, our customers.

They don’t stand alone, the are tightly interconnected. Changes in each drives changes in all the others.

What are you doing to understand these issues, their interrelationships, and take action? Why, How, Who, Where, When…..

Republished with author's permission from original post.

Dave Brock
Dave has spent his career developing high performance organizations. He worked in sales, marketing, and executive management capacities with IBM, Tektronix and Keithley Instruments. His consulting clients include companies in the semiconductor, aerospace, electronics, consumer products, computer, telecommunications, retailing, internet, software, professional and financial services industries.


Please use comments to add value to the discussion. Maximum one link to an educational blog post or article. We will NOT PUBLISH brief comments like "good post," comments that mainly promote links, or comments with links to companies, products, or services.

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here