Customer engagement is a relatively new term in the Customer Experience world, but unlike survey metrics like NPS (Net Promoter Score), ACSI (American Customer Satisfaction Index), and the latest trend, CES (Customer Effort Score), customer engagement doesn't have a common and consistent definition.
In Walker's report titled, Customers 2020: The Future of B-to-B Customer Experience, engagement is defined as a tailored metric consisting of four elements:
- Product Usage - the breadth and depth of product penetration (e.g., purchase patterns, product usage metrics, etc.)
- Sentiment - the frequency and magnitude of customer thoughts and feelings (e.g., NPS, customer loyalty, sentiment on social media, etc.)
- Involvement - the ways in which customers interact with the business (e.g., do customers attend events, are they willing to be a reference, will they share a case study, do they engage via social media, do they co-create, etc.)
- Competitive Status - how engaged is the customer with the competition (e.g., share of wallet)
For B-to-B companies, customer engagement can be assigned to each customer and reported at various levels of the customer hierarchy, including the customer level, the relationship manager level, and the corporate level.
It is an excellent approach that is used to create a holistic view of the customer.