The following article was originally written for Beagle Research.
Quite a few companies are offering solutions that provide automated customer service in one way or another. There is a lot to be said about this trend, and much of it is good.
The days of long waits on hold or frustrating attempts to navigate a series of phone menus are winding down, and in many cases they are being replaced by more “humane” systems that provide information fast. Part of the reason for this shift is that more of us are seeking help on the web, rather than through the phone system. The same as with looking for a song on a CD instead of on tape, there is simply more you can do—and faster—in a browser.
Of course, this shift is made possible by a massive private investment in infrastructure, as our society has geared up with computers and fast Internet service and web-ready cell phones. Few of us miss talking to a customer service representative if we can take matters into our own hands and Google our way to answers.
One step back
But just as we are getting accustomed to doing it all ourselves and vendors are spending big on new systems that will help them save even more on support costs, the ground is shifting again. Many organizations are trying to figure out how to generate more revenue, especially from the service center.
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The logic is simple. If you have a customer on the phone, why not try for an up-sell or cross-sell once the service problem is taken care of? Some people would say that in many cases the highest form of service is being able to anticipate your customer’s need, so that the up-sell suggestion is greeted as a positive part of the support process.
Of course, you can’t very well try for the up-sell if the customer is performing self service, because your customers don’t want to be annoyed by a pop-up ad at those moments. The problem gets bigger when you realize that, while you may have a good group of customer service representatives, few of them are natural sales people.
If you are going to succeed at deriving revenue from the service center, you will need to restructure the operation. For starters, the metrics you use—such as call time, average wait time and other measures of efficiency—need to be replaced by metrics that analyze how well a representative follows a strategy designed to welcome, provide support or service and only then attempt to sell. Such a strategy maintains the mission of the service center and, if done well, should foster loyalty in the customer so that even if the current attempt at a sale fails, the overall customer experience will be positive and draw the customer back another time.
Getting it done
Doing all that will require technology that goes beyond timers and queue managers. It will also go well beyond what you can expect from workforce managers and e-learning tools alone. Here are three goals for attempting to turn a traditional service center into a service center that reliably generates revenue:
The call center must become human capital-centric. Advanced call center solutions must be able to evaluate and diagnose the performance of human capital for every call, identifying knowledge deficits that can impede performance and result in suboptimal customer satisfaction and missed sales opportunities. It will fine-tune performance by using analytics and metrics derived from the call center’s best practices combined with the industry’s best practices. Importantly, these metrics must be backed up by incentives that are achievable and that are directly related to the new mission of call center selling.
Call center processes must become self-configuring. No one can remember everything, so a self-configuring call center must have the ability to access and present in real time the information—not just scripts—that call center representatives need during a call to solve problems and make appropriate offers. It must also catalog and track employee skill levels and be able to train the staff by managing time during off peak hours to ensure that each staff member is up to date on the latest advances in product, messaging and positioning.
Call center processes must become self-correcting. A self-correcting call center will use analytics, already mentioned in the people context, to identify sales opportunities and deliver appropriate information to the agent. But it will also diagnose deficiencies in the staff’s knowledge of the company’s own processes and procedures or product attributes. Moreover, the system will also use its analytics to identify optimal periods when education can be most effectively performed, and it will offer multiple testing modes on real systems to ensure that lessons are internalized and applied. That’s all well beyond the call center technology available today.
Finally, analytics also will make it easier for human managers to see through numerous non-critical issues to identify and concentrate on matters that are material to profit and customer loyalty.
At the end of the day, this is all about a major culture shift. When the service center is viewed as a cost center, a lot of energy is expended in trying to save money, even at the expense of frustrating customers. On the other hand, if the service center is seen as the revenue center it has the potential to be, other, more proactive disciplines will take over.
© 2005 Beagle Research
Read more of Pombriant’s views of the contact center as a revenue center in his article Sales and Service: It’s Time for a Merger.